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    Welcome back for another analysis of contributions to TechNet Wiki over the last week.

    First up, the weekly leader board snapshot...

    Sorry for the tiny text, my laptop is "resolution challenged", compared to my usual desktop.

    As always, here are the results of another weekly crawl over the updated articles feed.


    Ninja Award Most Revisions Award  
    Who has made the most individual revisions


    #1 [Kamlesh Kumar] with 204 revisions.


    #2 Edward van Biljon with 63 revisions.


    #3 Peter Geelen with 31 revisions.


    Just behind the winners but also worth a mention are:


    #4 Nathanaël Stassart with 18 revisions.


    #5 Diego Gouveia with 15 revisions.


    #6 Prashant Mohan Bansal with 14 revisions.


    #7 Waqas Sarwar(MCSE 2013) with 13 revisions.


    #8 Joe Davies with 12 revisions.


    #9 Rafael Bandeira de Oliveira with 7 revisions.


    #10 Greg Deckler (Fusion Alliance) with 6 revisions.



    Ninja Award Most Articles Updated Award  
    Who has updated the most articles


    #1 [Kamlesh Kumar] with 169 articles.


    #2 Edward van Biljon with 56 articles.


    #3 Peter Geelen with 23 articles.


    Just behind the winners but also worth a mention are:


    #4 Diego Gouveia with 7 articles.


    #5 Joe Davies with 7 articles.


    #6 Nathanaël Stassart with 5 articles.


    #7 Rafael Bandeira de Oliveira with 4 articles.


    #8 Andy ONeill with 4 articles.


    #9 XAML guy with 3 articles.


    #10 Waqas Sarwar(MCSE 2013) with 3 articles.



    Ninja Award Most Updated Article Award  
    Largest amount of updated content in a single article


    The article to have the most change this week was Office 365 Knowledge Base Library, by MS2065 [MSFT]

    This week's reviser was MS2065 [MSFT]

    A great example of the Wiki staying relevant, as the MS2065 team buff up another must-have bookmark!



    Ninja Award Longest Article Award  
    Biggest article updated this week


    This week's largest document to get some attention is SharePoint Server 2016 Crawl Error List [ErrorID], by Nathanaël Stassart

    This week's reviser was Nathanaël Stassart

    What a monster list! It's all here folks. Everything that could possibly go wrong...



    Ninja Award Most Revised Article Award  
    Article with the most revisions in a week


    This week's most fiddled with article is TechNet Guru Contributions - April 2016, by XAML guy. It was revised 13 times last week.

    This week's revisers were Nathanaël Stassart, Janshair Khan, Bhushan Gawale, Avendil, Kailas Goliwadekar, Waqas Sarwar(MCSE 2013)& Ravindra Singh Chhabra

    Nice and nifty knowledge flooding in from more community conscious individuals! Less than a week to go, before Kiki officials, MVPs and Microsoft technology leaders get to know your name!


    As Guru often wins, this week's second most fiddled with article is Azure Remote Apps - In Depth Walkthrough, by Bhushan Gawale. It was revised 12 times last week.

    This week's revisers were [Kamlesh Kumar], SMSVikasK, Greg Deckler (Fusion Alliance)& Bhushan Gawale

    Lots of love going into this, and the community responding well with helpful tweaks.



    Ninja Award Most Popular Article Award  
    Collaboration is the name of the game!


    After Guru, the next article to be updated by the most people this week is SQL Server Troubleshooting: AlwaysON Error - SQL Logins get Orphaned When Failing over in AlwaysON, by Dilpreet Kaur

    Short but sweet article from Dilpreet. Sweetened all the more from community lovers Peter, Edward and Greg. <3

    This week's revisers were Peter Geelen, Edward van Biljon, Greg Deckler (Fusion Alliance)& Dilpreet Kaur



    Ninja Award Ninja Edit Award  
    A ninja needs lightning fast reactions!


    Below is a list of this week's fastest ninja edits. That's an edit to an article after another person


    Ninja Award Winner Summary  
    Let's celebrate our winners!


    Below are a few statistics on this week's award winners.

    Most Revisions Award Winner
    The reviser is the winner of this category.

    [Kamlesh Kumar]

    [Kamlesh Kumar] has won 7 previous Top Contributor Awards. Most recent five shown below:

    [Kamlesh Kumar] has not yet had any interviews, featured articles or TechNet Guru medals (see below)

    [Kamlesh Kumar]'s profile page

    Most Articles Award Winner
    The reviser is the winner of this category.

    [Kamlesh Kumar]

    [Kamlesh Kumar] is mentioned above.

    Most Updated Article Award Winner
    The author is the winner, as it is their article that has had the changes.

    MS2065 [MSFT]

    MS2065 [MSFT] has won 2 previous Top Contributor Awards:

    MS2065 [MSFT] has not yet had any interviews, featured articles or TechNet Guru medals (see below)

    MS2065 [MSFT]'s profile page

    Longest Article Award Winner
    The author is the winner, as it is their article that is so long!

    Nathanaël Stassart

    Nathanaël Stassart has won 2 previous Top Contributor Awards:

    Nathanaël Stassart has not yet had any interviews, featured articles or TechNet Guru medals (see below)

    Nathanaël Stassart's profile page

    Most Revised Article Winner
    The author is the winner, as it is their article that has ben changed the most

    XAML guy

    XAML guy has been interviewed on TechNet Wiki!

    XAML guy has featured articles on TechNet Wiki!

    XAML guy has won 108 previous Top Contributor Awards. Most recent five shown below:

    XAML guy has TechNet Guru medals, for the following articles:

    XAML guy's profile page

    Bhushan Gawale

    This is the first Top Contributors award for Bhushan Gawale on TechNet Wiki! Congratulations Bhushan Gawale!

    Bhushan Gawale has not yet had any interviews, featured articles or TechNet Guru medals (see below)

    Bhushan Gawale's profile page

    Most Popular Article Winner
    The author is the winner, as it is their article that has had the most attention.

    Dilpreet Kaur

    This is the first Top Contributors award for Dilpreet Kaur on TechNet Wiki! Congratulations Dilpreet Kaur!

    Dilpreet Kaur has not yet had any interviews, featured articles or TechNet Guru medals (see below)

    Dilpreet Kaur's profile page

    Ninja Edit Award Winner
    The author is the reviser, for it is their hand that is quickest!

    Greg Deckler (Fusion Alliance)

    Greg Deckler (Quick Solutions) has won 2 previous Top Contributor Awards:

    Greg Deckler (Quick Solutions) has TechNet Guru medals, for the following articles:

    Greg Deckler (Quick Solutions) has not yet had any interviews or featured articles (see below)

    Greg Deckler (Quick Solutions)'s profile page

    Great week folks! Thanks for all the bedtime reading!


    Best regards,
    Pete Laker (XAML guy)


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    こんにちは、Exchange サポートの小林です。

    今回は、Exchange 2013 や Exchange Online にて、メールボックスに訴訟ホールド (またはインプレース保持) が有効になっている場合のアイテムの動きを追ってみたいと思います。

    まず本題に入る前に、混乱しやすい "訴訟ホールド"、"インプレース保持"、"インプレース アーカイブ"、”ジャーナル” という機能について振り返ってみましょう。

    メールボックス単位で有効にするアイテム保持の機能で、メールボックス内のすべてのデータを LitigationHoldDuration にて指定された期間保持します。Set-Mailbox コマンド (LitigationHoldEnabled) にて有効化します。

    クエリ ベースの保持機能で、メールボックス内の一部のデータ (例: A 社から受信したメールだけなど) を ItemHoldDuration にて指定された期間保持します。Set-MailboxSearch コマンド (InPlaceHoldEnabled) にて有効化します。

    インプレース アーカイブ
    アーカイブ メールボックスにアイテムを保存できるようにする機能で、手動またはアイテム保持ポリシーによってアイテムをアーカイブ メールボックスに保存することが可能です。Enable-Mailbox コマンド (Archive パラメーターを指定) にて有効化することで、アーカイブ メールボックスが作成されます。(既定では存在しません。)

    Exchange 組織を経由して送受信されたメッセージを含むジャーナル レポートを、任意のメールボックスに配信することで、その記録を保存することが可能です。一般的には Third-party 製のアーカイブ ソフトウェアに取り込むために、ジャーナル メールボックスに一時的に送受信されたメールを保存する目的で使用されます。New-JournalRule コマンドにてルールを作成する (プレミアム ジャーナル) か、オンプレミスであれば Set-MailboxDatabase コマンドを使用してデータベース毎に有効化することができます。


      Title: Exchange 2013 および Exchange Online での訴訟ホールドおよびインプレース保持
      項目: お客様のニーズに最適な保持機能の使用

    上記の中で、監査などに備えて個人のメールボックスのアイテムをホールドする (削除させない) といった意味では、"訴訟ホールド" または "インプレース保持" が有効です。ただしこの場合、プライマリ メールボックスの容量が無尽蔵に大きくなりすぎてしまうため、それを避けるためにインプレース アーカイブを組み合わせて利用するシナリオも少なくないでしょう。このようなシナリオにおいて、具体的にこれらの機能が有効化されていると、アイテムが削除された場合にどのフォルダーに移動するのか、というお問い合わせをいただくことがございます。


    (1) メールが配信されると、受信トレイ (または、任意で作成したフォルダー) に格納されます。
    (2) メールが受信トレイから削除されると、削除済みアイテム フォルダー (Deleted Items フォルダー) に移動します。
    (3) 削除済みアイテム フォルダーから、アイテム保持ポリシー、または、手動にてメールが削除された場合には、回復可能なフォルダーのうち [Deletions] にアイテムが移動します。
    (4) さらに回復可能フォルダーの [Deletions] からアイテムが削除された場合には、各条件により以下の通り動作が異なります。
        条件 1. インプレース保持が有効なアイテムは、[DiscoveryHolds] へ移動します。
        条件 2. 訴訟ホールドのみが有効な場合は、[Purges] へ移動します。
        条件 3. 両方が有効な場合は、訴訟ホールドのみが有効な場合と同様に [Purges] へ移動します。
        条件 4. 両方が無効な場合には、完全に削除され復元ができない状態となります。

    (5) メールボックス単位で設定されている RetainDeletedItemsFor (削除済みアイテムを保持する期間) を超過した場合には、[Deletions] または [Purges] に格納されているアイテムが [DiscoveryHolds] へ移動します。
    (6) さらに、該当のメールボックスに対してアーカイブが有効化されており (アーカイブ メールボックスが存在する)、かつ、アイテム保持ポリシーが適用されている場合には、構成に応じて回復可能なフォルダー領域上の各フォルダーから対応するアーカイブ メールボックス側のフォルダーへアイテムが移動します。
    (7) アイテム移動後に、アーカイブ メールボックス上の [Deletions] からアイテムが削除された場合には、プライマリー メールボックスの際と同様に各条件に応じて [DiscoveryHolds] または [Purges] へ移動します。


    1. 受信トレイにメールが格納されます。
    2. ユーザーが手動で該当アイテムを削除すると、該当アイテムは削除済みフォルダーに移動します。
    3. さらに、ユーザーが手動で削除すると、該当アイテムは Deletions に移動します。
    4. さらに、ユーザーが手動で削除すると、該当アイテムは Purges に移動します。
    5. 削除済みアイテムを保持する期間 (RetainDeletedItemsFor = 14 日) が経過した後、DiscoveryHolds に移動します。
    6. アイテム保持ポリシーの "Recoverable Items 14 days move to archive" に従って、アーカイブ メールボックスの DiscoveryHolds フォルダーに移動します。

    - 参考情報
    Title: [回復可能なアイテム] フォルダー

    Title: 保存期間の計算方法

    Title: Exchange 2010 での保存機能と訴訟ホールド

    Title: Exchange 2010 SP2 RU3、回復可能なアイテムのバージョン管理に驚きの変更

    以上になります。今後も当ブログおよびサポート チームをよろしくお願いいたします。

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    (この記事は 2016 年 4 月 11 日に Exchange Team Blog に投稿された記事 Exchange Server 2007: T-1 year and countingの翻訳です。最新情報については、翻訳元の記事をご参照ください。)


    2016 年 4 月 11 日で、Exchange Server 2007 の延長サポート終了まで残り 1 年となりました。現在 Exchange Server 2007 をメッセージング インフラストラクチャの一部としてご利用のお客様は、早期の更新をご検討ください。

    CCR、 LCR、および SCR がリリースされてから 9 年が経過しました。一連のテクノロジは、Exchange Server 2010 以降で活用されているデータベース可用性グループの基盤となっています。また、Exchange Server 2007 をきっかけとして Exchange Server が .Net Framework で構築されるようになりました。マイクロソフトは継続的に投資を行っていて、.Net Framework は Exchange Server 2013、2016、および Office 365 の Exchange のすべての中核的な処理の基盤となっています。また、Exchange Server 2007 で新規導入された機能の 1 つである PowerShell も現行バージョンの Exchange において広く浸透しており、今では Exchange Server の標準の管理ツールとなっています。

    当時の Exchange Server 2007 は画期的でしたが、最新バージョンの Exchange Server や Office 365 でも多様な機能が提供されています。現在 Exchange Server 2007 を実行しているお客様は、メールボックスを Exchange Server 2010/2013 に移動するか、Office 365 に直接移行することでアップグレードできます。最新バージョンの Exchange Server である Exchange Server 2016 に移行する場合、まず Exchange Server 2007 の使用を減らす必要があります。Exchange Server 2013 は 10 年のライフサイクルのうち既に 3 年が経過しているため、お客様のオンプレミスのサーバー資産を最大限に活用するには Exchange Server 2016 に移行することを強くお勧めします。

    Exchange Server 2007 から移行し Exchange Server の最新機能を利用することを検討しているお客様は、下記のリンクの情報をお役立てください。

    Exchange チーム


    ※ 本情報の内容(添付文書、リンク先などを含む)は、作成日時点でのものであり、予告なく変更される場合があります。

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    56.     Jak nastavit velikost Koše?

    Do Koše se ukládají soubory, které smažete standardním způsobem, tj. klávesou Delete nebo přes příkaz Odstranit. Nicméně velikost Koše není neomezená a lze ji ručně nastavit, tak aby lépe odpovídala vašim představám. Stačí, když na ikonu Koše kliknete pravým tlačítkem a z nabídky vyberte příkaz Vlastnosti. Zde si můžete pro každý diskový oddíl vybrat vlastní velikost Koše. V případě, že je Koš zaplněn, jsou automaticky pro uvolnění místa smazány nejstarší soubory, které byly do Koše umístěny.

    57.     Jak vypnout funkci Koše?

    Pokud z nějakých důvodů chcete kompletně vypnout funkcionalitu Koše, lze to provést ve stejném okně jako v předchozím tipu. Stačí zvolit volbu Nepoužívat koš a to pro všechny jednotky v systému. Od této chvíle cokoliv smažete, bude odstraněno přímo, bez použití mezičlánku v podobě Koše a jakákoliv obnova smazaných dat není standardním způsobem možná.

    58.     Jak smazat soubor bez uložení do Koše?

    Soubor nebo složku bez použití koše smažete tak, že namísto stisknutí klávesy Delete použijete klávesovou zkratku Shift + Delete. Pozor však na to, že tímto způsobem bude soubor odstraněn trvale a díky tomu, že nebude v Koši jej ani nebude možné obnovit.

    59.     Jak seřadit ikony na ploše?

    Veškeré ikony na pracovní ploše lze seřadit tak, že první ikona v řadě bude začínat v levém horním okraji ihned pod ikonou Koše a všechny další budou následovat po sloupcích. Ikony lze seřadit podle názvu, velikosti, typu a data poslední změny. Seřazení provedete tak, že kliknete pravým tlačítkem myši na pracovní plochu počítače, z nabídky si vyberete příkaz Seřadit a dále kliknete na jednu ze čtyř nabízených možností.

    60.     Jak změnit velikost ikon na ploše?

    V případě, že máte malý/velký monitor a ikony jsou pro vás moc malé/velké, je možné změnit jejich velikost. V nabídce jsou tři možnosti – malé, střední a velké a změnu velikosti můžete provést po kliknutí pravým tlačítkem myši na pracovní ploše v nabídce Zobrazit.

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    Друзья, мы напоминаем, что завтра, 25 апреля, в Москве состоится 5-яюбилейная конференция Microsoft Project «Управляй бизнесом как проектом», в которой вы еще можете успеть принять участие. Также предусмотрена онлайн-трансляциядля тех, кто не успеет зарегистрироваться или по другим причинам не сможет принять участие лично.

    ...(read more)

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     The Azure cloud platform has been built from the ground up to be an open platform. Currently 1 in 4 Azure virtual machines are powered by Linux and 60% of the solutions in Azure marketplace are Linux based. Learn about the opportunities for your business.

    ...(read more)

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    By Ghada Khalifa, Citizenship manager of Microsoft Egypt

    “Sometimes, all we need to do is believe in ourselves.”

    This is the message that describes the journey of three youth members of Microsoft Citizenship Egypt’s volunteer programs. Like many youth in Egypt, Mohamed El Sawy, Shaimaa Gouda and Mohamed Sharaf have faced great societal and economic challenges with limited resources to build and achieve their dreams.

    Microsoft Egypt’s initiatives, Masr Ta3mal and Aspire Woman, aim to provide opportunities for Egyptian youth to gain the self-confidence and skills necessary to overcome these barriers.

     “I want to be a pioneer in the renewable energy industry in Egypt”
    Mohamed El Sawy is a graduate from South Valley University and a member of Microsoft Egypt’s volunteer program in Masr Ta3mal. Mohamed studied commerce, but faced many challenges when trying to start a business in Aswan, a region in Egypt where work is often scarce.

    Joining Microsoft’s volunteer program, Mohamed took on leadership opportunities that developed his confidence and entrepreneurial skills, and furthered his dreams for himself and his community. With the skills gained through Masr Ta3mal, Mohamed completed market and field research for his business idea in renewable energy, and set plans to achieve his goals. Despite the economic challenges, Mohamed is now creating solar energy water pumps and over 15 more products, in pursuit of becoming the top renewable energy company in Aswan.

     “At some point I decided to turn my way of thinking from seeing it as a problem to seeing it as an opportunity”

    Shaimaa Ghouda is a graduate from Ain Shams University and a previous member of Microsoft’s Aspire Woman program – an initiative aimed at empowering young women through leadership, business and technical skills development.

    Egypt faces one of the widest gender gaps in the world, with women making up less than one third of the labour force. Shaimaa faced many societal and family challenges when planning for her future career, but with the mentorship and leadership activities in Microsoft’s Aspire Woman program, she gained the confidence to pursue a career in fashion – creating a business opportunity from a problem she faced on a daily basis.

    “It was difficult to find trendy or fashionable clothes because I was overweight. After realising the opportunity and structuring the business plan, Shaimaa used the Aspire Woman Mentorship program as a platform to design her own line of clothing for plus-sized women and successfully operate her own show room.

    Inspired to do more for the community
     Mohamed Sharaf is a computer science graduate from Cherouk Academy. Through his volunteer work in Masr Ta3mal, Mohamed was inspired to do more for his community and has successfully created the first Arab social network, Insaniah, where volunteers in Egypt can link up to NGOs. His company, Nas Hope (People’s Hope), has recently signed an agreement with the Ministry of Social Solidarity.

    These three Egyptian youths all had the will and ability to succeed from the outset–they just needed a helping hand and the confidence to believe in themselves. At Microsoft Citizenship Egypt, we are committed to empowering youth through our volunteer, mentorship and leadership programs and inspiring more youths to pursue their dreams.

    For more information on our initiatives, visit Masr Ta3mal and Aspire Woman.

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    My name is Ajay Sarkaria and I am a Supportability Program Manager at Microsoft. Recently, we have seen support volumes on an issue with DNS Zones not being loaded on Windows Server 2008 R2-based DNS Servers.

    The scenario is:

    • You are running Windows Server 2008 R2 Servers as Domain Controller and/or DNS Servers and
    • You install MS15-127: Security update for Microsoft Windows DNS to address remote code execution: December 8, 2015 (


    • You install the following hotfix:
      3022780DNS server does not respond with IP address to a CNAME query for a delegated zone in Windows Server 2008 R2

    After you install any of the above updates, you may notice the following symptoms:

    1. The domain DNS Zones do not load
    2. DNS Server manager may display the message: "The Zone is being read into memory"

    An event similar to the below may be logged:

    Event Type: Warning
    Event Source: DNS
    Event Category: None
    Event ID: 4019
    Date:  <Date>
    Time:  <Time>
    User:  N/A
    The DNS server attempted to load the Active Directory-integrated zone in the background but there was an error during load. This zone will now be shut down. Correct the error and restart the DNS server service. The event data contains the error.

    We’ve released a hotfix to address this issue and the same can be downloaded from:

    3145126 Loading DNS zones takes a long time on a Windows Server 2008 R2-based DNS server

    Note: If you followed a workaround to mitigate the issue of DNS Zones not loading prior to installing the newly released hotfix by running the following command:

    dnscmd /Config /DsMinimumBackgroundLoadThreads 0

    It is highly recommended that you re-run the below command to set the value as 1 (System default)

    dnscmd /Config /DsMinimumBackgroundLoadThreads 1


    Ajay Sarkaria
    Supportability Program Manager - Windows

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    By Editorial Team 

    For many schools, the idea of a completely digital classroom is still just a vision. However, FutureSource estimates half of all K-12 students will have access to a 1:1 device by the next academic year. With this 1:1 computing trend growing in schools, more educators are looking at ways to transform their classrooms into paperless spaces of learning.

    Here are some easy ways teachers can create digital classrooms for their students:

    1. Choose the right 1:1 digital device
    Digital devices encourage interaction in the classroom, and enable collaboration and mobility. They also improve learning environments, promote sustainability and decrease expenses in the long run.

    Since its launch in May last year, Microsoft’s Surface 3 tablet has been a success with teachers and students across the world. Increasing numbers of schools have adopted the Surface 3 as their 1:1 computing student device citing its portability, the tablet and laptop form factor, and the Surface pen’s ability to move to a paperless classroom with digital ink, as reasons why this device is a wonderful tool for the classroom.

    The K-12 focused, United Arab Emirates-based Mohammad Bin Rashid Smart Learning Programme was among the first educational institutions to see the benefits the device can offer the classroom and they have now deployed more than 10,000 Surface devices to empower more students.

    2. Go paperless with digital inking
    A recent study by the IDC showed that writing by hand is critical to the learning process for many students. The study also investigated how handwriting is used by educators as a teaching tool, with 90% of teachers agreeing that it allows them to increase the quality of their curriculum, and 2 out of 3 teachers saying it saves time when preparing materials and grading homework.

    Devices with digital inking capabilities can lead to better learning outcomes. They feel just like an actual pen so it’s easy for students to draw, take notes, or write music. With students being able to write and draw directly on their screens, convert their handwriting to text, and even highlight in PDFs and Kindle eBooks, digital inking changes the way students learn and retain information, and it opens up a world of creativity and productivity.

    3. Choose the right apps & teaching tools
    For teachers and educators, going digital may seem like a daunting task at first, but choosing the right apps and teaching tools will help ease the transition.

    The Surface 3 comes with Windows 10, so students and teachers can get up and running quickly with all their favourite touch apps and desktop software, including OneNote. This program allows you to organize notes, files, articles and pictures in a single digital notebook, as well as Drawboard PD, a top PDF app that replaces pen and paper.

    With the recently announced new Learning Tools for OneNote, which improves reading and writing experiences for all students—including students with learning differences like dyslexia, classrooms will have even more access to solutions that benefit learning.

    4. Get trained on how to use technology in the classroom 
    Teachers committed to helping empower their students to do and achieve more, need only make one or two small adjustments to find that digital learning is within their grasp. With the right resources, the vision of a digital classroom is a reality.

    See our Microsoft Partners in Learning website to connect and collaborate around the world and gain easy access to lessons created by educators for educators.

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    Today’s Tip…

    New programmability features that are implemented in SQL Server 2016 are also available in Azure SQL Database. From this version, you can use additional built-in functions and statements.

    You can see everything that has been added here:

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    In den vergangenen Monaten sind als neue Produktgattung mehrere Privacy-Boxen auf den Markt gekommen: Kleine Kästchen, die dem Anwender mehr Privatsphäre im Internet versprechen und außerdem die Werbung aus Webseiten herausfiltern. Im Grunde handelt es sich dabei um Appliances, die mit dem Router verbunden werden und anschließend ein eigenes WLAN aufspannen und/oder für die vorhandenen Netzwerkgeräte Ethernet-Buchsen bereithalten. Oder sie arbeiten als Proxy-Server und überwachen auf diese Weise den Netzwerkverkehr.

    Beispiele für solche Privacy-Boxen sind der eBlocker von der gleichnamigen Hamburger Firma, die Relaxbox vom Berliner Startup RelaxInternet, die TrutzBox von comidio und das an der Fachhochschule St. Pölten entwickelte Open-Source-Projekt upribox. Der eblocker und die upribox basieren auf den Minirechnern Banana Pi beziehungsweise Raspberry Pi, die beiden anderen Geräte verwenden leistungsfähigere Hardware, die aber ebenfalls vorgefertigt zugekauft wird.

    Für den Schutz der Privatsphäre setzen die Privacy-Boxen je nach Modell ein ganzes Bündel von Maßnahmen ein. Alle vier bieten die Möglichkeit, den kompletten Internet-Verkehr über das Tor-Netzwerk zu leiten, und können über eine Analyse der DNS-Abfragen und mithilfe von Blacklists die Anzeige von Werbung unterdrücken. Teilweise lassen sie sich auch in ein VPN einbinden, stellen über eigene Server verschlüsselte Mail-Verbindungen zur Verfügung und scannen mit dem Open-Source-Programm ClamAV die eingehenden Daten auf Viren.

    Alles in allem gehen die Funktionen jedoch nur wenig über das hinaus, was ein erfahrener Anwender auch mit einem Windows-PC und einigen Zusatzprogrammen wie etwa einem Adblocker und einem Tracking-Schutz einrichten kann. Der Zugriff auf das Tor-Netzwerk lässt sich auch über die Kombination aus Firefox und Tor-Client oder ein gehärtetes Linux-System wie Tails realisieren. Allerdings sind vergleichbare Tools für Mobilgeräte wie Smartphones und Tablets nach wie vor Mangelware oder den PC-Applikationen zumindest deutlich unterlegen. Für Anwender, die auch daheim vor allem mobil ins Internet gehen, stellen die Privacy-Boxen daher eventuell eine sinnvolle Ergänzung dar. Jedoch schützt auch Tor nicht gegen eine Identifikation mittels Fingerprinting.

    Unternehmen werden ohnehin zu größeren, umfassenderen Lösungen greifen, auch wenn einige Hersteller der Privacy-Boxen eine Anpassung ihrer Produkte für Firmennetzwerke anbieten. So eignen sich die kleinen Appliances in erster Linie für Privatanwender, die sich nicht eingehend mit der Technik beschäftigen möchten und dennoch im Internet einigermaßen anonym bleiben möchten.

    Gastbeitrag von Michael Kranawetter, National Security Officer (NSO) bei Microsoft in Deutschland. In seinem eigenen Blog veröffentlicht Michael alles Wissenswerte rund um Schwachstellen in Microsoft-Produkten und die veröffentlichten Softwareupdates.


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    Un equipo de investigación de la Universidad de Oxford utiliza el cómputo en la nube y sensores móviles para monitorear pozos de agua y ayudar a que miles de zonas rurales de África y Asia tengan suministro seguro de agua. Con la iniciativa REACH, financiada con ayuda del gobierno del Reino Unido y la UNICEF, entre otros, se han desarrollado sensores, como los de los teléfonos inteligentes y las bandas de acondicionamiento físico, que se colocan dentro...(read more)

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    I came across this issue at a customer site recently where they were having problems with the VMM management pack.  A deep dive into their SCOM logs showed 31553 errors with a description of error converting IDENTITY to data type INT. 

    This isn’t a common error, but it is not unknown either.  The most relative posting on it that I could find was from Marnix Wolf here.

    We checked the ManagedEntity table, and as expected saw the max value listed, but when we reseeded it, the problems persisted. As it turns out, there are two other tables that can cause this as well.  The “ManagedEntityProperty” table and the “ManagedEntityManagementGroup” table.  In my case, one of these had also maxed out its identities.  Once we reseed that, everything was running smooth again.  The process for reseeding the tables was no different than the one Marnix defined. 

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    Welcome to another Interview with a Wiki Ninja! Today's interview is with...


    Peter Lindgren

    Peter_Lindgren's avatar 

    Peter has 8 quality articles under his belt, and he won the gold medal in the BizTalk Guru category in December!

    Example articles:


    Let's get to the interview!




    Figure 1: My family and me in Colombia. My wife is from Colombia, so I have lost the count of the number of times I’ve visited Colombia!


    Who are you, where are you, and what do you do? What are your specialty technologies?


    I’m 46 years old, from the north of Sweden close to the Arctic Circle, and I’m a software developer, specialized on integration with Microsoft BizTalk. I’ve been in the software business since 1994 after university, both as employed and running my own business. Currently I am employed and co-founder of a pure Microsoft BizTalk-specialist consulting company, Kazoku IT AB. Kazoku is Japanese and means “family”, and we are a family in the positive sense, and since we all have families we value our families too, to have time with them and not only work. Professionally, I have been employed in a line-of-business department, as a product developer, and as a consultant. Having experience in all areas contribute to giving advice to customers. However, my background is more of a combination of electronics and software, everything from designing phase-linear analogue audio filters to military radar. I like to play with embedded processors, and lately I’ve stepped up to Raspberry Pi. One Pi is controlling the façade lighting on our house! Next such project is to measure the distance our son’s little hamster is running each night in its running wheel. I’m married, and our son is 8 years old. I love building Lego with him! My wife is from Colombia and we’ve been there so many times I’ve lost count. Beautiful country, marvelous and friendly people!


    I am also a fan of scripting, both build and deploy. Many customers have a requirement that it is the same MSI file installed in production that was tested. A safe and sound requirement, if you ask me. That leads to the requirement that all bindings, including production bindings, must be included in the MSI file. That, in turn, means that bindings must be managed in one way or another in source code control. Scripting bindings using BizTalk Deployment Framework is an enormous advantage, compared to maintain all bindings manually. Scripting also benefits in a disaster recovery scenario; having everything regarding deployment scripted is a tremendous help, including scripting additions/updates to machine.config.



    What are your big projects right now?


    Currently we are working on a web project where integration will be crucial for its success, all in Azure. It’s a new world for me, so I learn something new every day. I, as many other already have realized, think it’s the future. In the short term though, there will be a need for a mix of on-premises and cloud, as well as pure on-premises solutions.


    Apart from that, we’re maintaining and developing our existing customers’ BizTalk solutions. Keeping clients is key for recurring business, so our policy is to make sure clients value their BizTalk installations and make the most of it. Recently, we got the maintenance contract for a new customer, which showed the need for analyzing a running BizTalk solution, both its health and its technical/functional aspects. When you’re handed a BizTalk solution with mixed orchestrations and messaging-only solutions, your experience tells you that you cannot trust documentation or assume the previous contractor work in the same manner you do. A TechNet Wiki article about that is under way. J


    Figure 2: This is a neat seat J in a hotel in Sweden


    What is TechNet Wiki for? Who is it for?


    I view it as a resource for and communication between colleagues – current and future, in my company and other – and other people who are in search of a solution for a technical problem. It accompanies the MSDN documentation, and provides valuable insights and code examples that connects the dots. The TechNet wiki leverages the BizTalk platform, I think.



    What do you do with TechNet Wiki, and how does that fit into the rest of your job?


    I primarily research technical problems that arise at clients, and when proposing solutions for customers. I also feel I want to give something back to the community, after having read and utilized its resources for so many years. We (as a community) learn as we share!



    In what other sites and communities do you contribute your technical knowledge?


    I’ve made some small contributions to the Blogical SFTP Adapter and the GnuPG wrapper Starksoft Biko. At our company, we have “tech nights” where we get together and one of us presents some technical or project method-related subject which we all benefit from, ultimately it will benefit our customers.

    Back in the days, I wrote a terminal client (for talking to a BBS, for those of you who are old enough to remember that J ) in Z80 assembler. A teacher in school wanted it so I handed over the listing. Perhaps that’s my first contribution of software!



    What are your favorite Wiki articles you’ve contributed?


    I’d say the SSO-related articles; I want to advocate the use of SSO for on-premise solutions. Still, after all these years, many installations aren’t taking advantage of SSO to keep passwords stored away and keeping (re-)deployment simple and scriptable. Maybe it’s my mission, to do away with passwords and go for SSO. However, it has proven difficult when moving things to Azure. In Azure, I’d really want more security, not less. That’s an area I want to explore more.



    Yes, how about security? Is that a concern for you?


    Yes, definitely! One advantage of using a standard platform (.Net, BizTalk) is that it is constantly being attacked and thus constantly updated. Don’t imagine I’m a crypto expert, because I’m not! The changes I made to the Blogical SFTP adapter and the GnuPG wrapper, was regarding configuration and command-line options. But at least I know where to turn to when it comes to such matters, and not just ignore it. My experience is that password and identity management is still very poorly handled in many places. At least some customers are using software such as KeePass or PasswdSafe, but the passwords must be entered each and every time a BizTalk application is updated (since almost everyone deploy with bindings, regardless whether they use BizTalk Deployment Framework or not). Many still have the passwords in the bindings files or in an Excel spreadsheet. With SSO, you don’t have to. Enter it once, then forget it (that is, keep it safe in your secure password database). Now, learning about Azure, it seems like we’re back at the year 2000 with configuration files with connection strings with passwords in them. Also, I have seen horrible stuff like outbound payments, albeit in ISO-20022 format, being e-mailed – to a bank!



    Who has impressed you in the Wiki community, and why?


    If I must pick only one: One person that is very productive and professional is Sandro Pereira, I always read his articles and his blog with great interest!



    Do you have any tips for new Wiki authors?


    Read the guide for wiki authors, it’s really good, to keep the articles on the expected high standard on TechNet. Don’t be afraid to write! If you want to complain on something, do that on a personal blog for example. The TechNet Wiki articles should have a neutral tone, although I always include a scenario in the beginning of my articles to illustrate the problem I was trying to solve.




    Special thanks go out to Peter for his fantastic articles! Everyone, please join me in thanking Peter! And check out his articles if you haven't yet!



    Remember to Wiki while/after/before you work!


       - Ninja Ed

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    Hi all -

    I wanted to let you know that there will be a Skype call next Monday to go over the introduction of the software and services provided by Office 365. Attendees will also learn about extensions to training and also how to secure knowledge for anytime, anywhere, and device access.

    • What: Mid-Day Café: Knowledge Management with Office 365
    • Who: Michael Gannotti, Technical Solution Specialist
    • When: May 2nd at 9:00 am PST
    • Where: Skype for Business, download calendar invite for details
    • Calendar invite: Download the Outlook Calendar invite here


    Note: For more details please refer to the MTC invitation site.


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    Cloud technology is transforming how you do your job. Keeping up with the necessary skills and trends is more important than ever. Microsoft is introducing two new free programs for IT Professionals who want to build and grow their career in the cloud-first world:

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    • Cloud Services: Azure Credits; Enterprise Mobility Suite Trial; Office 365 Trial
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    微軟Skype for BusinessAudioCodesJabraPolycom打造新時代整合通訊方案

    溝通革新、雲端協作、整合通訊   企業溝通隨心所欲


    (2016426日,台北隨著行動化與雲端通訊演進,造就企業各式新型態的溝通方式,在VoIP逐漸取代傳統PSTN後,「整合通訊即服務」(UC as a Service) 已成為企業達到跨地域、跨裝置的整合性溝通趨勢,微軟不但持續投入此領域開發企業用整合通訊軟體,繼去年5月發表全新「商務用 Skype(Skype for Business)」,並於Office E5推出時升級更多進階的功能與服務後,(26) 日宣布與AudioCodesJabra、及Polycom夥伴推出各式整合通訊解決方案,共同建構微軟整合通訊完整的生態體系,不僅達到通訊上雲端,且擁有與Office 365無縫整合的優勢,為企業帶來溝通革新、雲端協作、整合通訊等三大革新價值,協助企業邁入「新通訊世代」,讓企業不管是使用雲端服務或自建系統,皆可隨心所欲進行溝通!

    根據國際研究暨顧問機構Gartner 2015年的報告指出,到了2019年企業使用WebRTC進行語音及視訊溝通的比例將從現今的1% 躍升到 15%;電話語音平台正移轉至整合通訊的軟體式解決方案,透過整合通訊可大幅提升個人、群組和公司的互動和績效,而使用者體驗、行動性、互通性、雲端和混合式環境以及廣泛的解決方案吸引力等,皆是影響產品成功和使用者滿意度的五大整合通訊特性;此外,繼Gartner2014年首次將微軟放在「企業電話語音魔力象限」與「整合通訊魔力象限」的領導者象限中後,再度於2015年將Skype for Business列入整合通訊(Unified Communication)及網路視訊會議(Web Conferencing)的魔力象限的領導象限,由此顯見微軟企業整合通訊解決方案無論是在整合通訊的完整性,或是網路視訊會議的應用上,均是企業在新通訊世代通訊解決方案的首選。

    協同辦公成為新型態工作趨勢  企業工作軟硬體仍待升級

    根據微軟亞太研究報告(New World of Work) 針對台灣400名上班族的網路調查結果發現,還有超過四成的上班族沒有使用或不熟悉文件協作工具(43%)、檔案共享服務(48%)、虛擬會議工具(46%);進行虛擬會議時除了要求音質良好(64%)及操作簡易(45%)外,使用的服務或應用程式在任何裝置上皆能操作(40.5%)、可即時傳訊(34.5%)及連線安全性(32.2%)也是上班族進行虛擬會議時列為重要的考量。

    微軟企業生產力解決方案全球黑帶團隊亞太區總經理Peter Wihman表示:「微軟執行長Satya Nadella提出的發展主軸之一─『重塑生產力和業務流程』,為跨裝置的數位工作重塑生產力服務,打造整合在內容創建與內容消費、溝通與協同工具中的流程體驗;而如何達到在任何一處都能達到整合通訊、雲端協同、跨地域與裝置地辦公將是現代企業強化效能、擁有優勢競爭力的關鍵。」

    「整合通訊及服務(UC as  a Service)、雲端線上會議需求增加、更容易進行協同合作、整合更多Social功能、及行動裝置支援是整合通訊主要的五大趨勢,微軟商務用Skype躍上雲端、變成服務後,將可讓更多的企業,不需建置商務用Skype系統,即可達成無論是使用哪一種裝置,無論是正在從事Office文件的編輯,或是正在回覆Outlook email等工作情境,都可以隨心所欲的溝通。」台灣微軟總經理邵光華說明:「經由與AudioCodesJabraPolycom等三家合作夥伴們建構各式整合通訊解決方案,將更進一步構築微軟完整的通訊生態體系,協助企業重塑未來溝通方式與工作模式,讓各種不同屬性與需求的企業,協同合作更容易、溝通更加順暢,快速邁入新通訊世代!」

    商務用Skype的雲端PBX  助企業通訊躍上雲端 

    根據InfoTrack(T3i) 2015年有關整合通訊(Unified Communications, UC) 的研究調查指出,中大型企業想要將整合通訊從自建系統轉向使用雲端服務的前五大理由為:

    1.          自建系統需要很多的技能,才能做好管理、維護及更新。

    2.          雲端通訊服務可以將系統從資本支出(CapEx)變成營運支出(OpEx)

    3.          雲端通訊服務提供更低的TCO總體擁有成本。

    4.          使用雲端通訊服務不需要購買更新即可隨時使用最新的功能。

    5.          雲端通訊服務可根據公司成長或縮編,彈性調整所需對於小型企業或是遠端的據點更符合經濟效益。

    雲端PBX 是商務用Skype的服務之一,讓企業能以 Office 365 為中心,使用 Office 365 集中管理使用者的通訊、電子郵件和內容,消除個別 PBX 系統的必要性,並轉換至雲端提高語音服務的靈活度及強化管理,將不同的PBX系統整合到雲端,緊密整合到公司的雲端生產力體驗之中;透過商務用Skype,企業用戶可以選擇將其整合通訊解決方案進行自建、雲端或混合式部署,達成無論是在辦公室、家中,或在路上,使用電話機、PC或手機,都可撥打、接聽,甚至轉接商務電話,透過 Office 365 語音服務提升靈活度並進行合併管理。

    地面到雲端通訊加速整合  雲端協作更易達成

    藉由商務用Skype雲端通訊服務,與AudioCodes各種語音產品組合整合,使企業現有舊式 PBX 和整合通訊平台上連接,輕鬆將既有架構從地面移轉雲端,達到雲端協作,提供無論是大型、跨國或是中小企業,端對端的一站式(One-Stop-Shop) 的微軟企業語音解決方案。

    AudioCodes港澳台區域營業總監施玉儀表示:「AudioCodes One Voice for Skype for Business 就是一整合了解決方案、管理、產品及服務的完整概念,目的在於簡化並加速客戶導入商務用Skype語音系統架構的具體實現,毋須面對多種不同的整合窘境。此導入方案適用於所有微軟認可的整合通訊架構,包含企業內部部署、雲端或是混合雲架構。」

    網路電話會議就像同桌對談  溝通革新零距離

    商務用Skype整合或取代使用者既有的PBX或電話解決方案,可以在任何裝置上透過商務用Skype傳送IM(即時訊息) 或參與線上會議,最多可達 250 人同時使用智慧型裝置、PC與通訊裝置加入會議,與Jabra各系列的通訊耳機及會議用擴音器整合,強化工作聯繫與語音會議的通話品質,讓遠距溝通也能感覺會議參與者就在同桌一樣地自在對談,專注在一起合作的項目上。

    Jabra提供全系列微軟Skype for Business認證產品,使用微軟商用Skype解決方案的同時,搭配Jabra 認證耳機以及揚聲器產品,提供客戶享受高效溝通、專注聆聽、任何時間地點都可進行協同會議,語音協作最完美體驗。Jabra EVOLVE系列商品提供有線及無線規格選擇,頭戴式設計即使處於吵雜的環境,仍可以專注聆聽參與通話,EVOLVE 40/ 80 提供UBS規格及3.5mm適用於行動裝置上,雙耳系列為Stereo立體聲,兼具會議通話及聽音樂的創新商品,有效提升工作效能。如今趨勢發展流動辦公室,用戶可在行動裝置使用Skype for Business,隨時保持聯繫,Jabra Stealth UC以及Jabra Motion UC提供雙連接藍牙功能,可同時連接電腦以及手機,用戶可輕鬆在辦公室內移動及外出,提供更自由的溝通模式。Jabra SPEAK揚聲器系列商品提供用戶可隨時隨地輕鬆的加入會議,享受高品質的通話會議過程。

    Jabra深信Skype for Business為工作者開創全新溝通互動方式,Jabra為工作者改變了工作模式並有效提升工作效率,持對品質堅持及創新解決方案的承諾,提供值得用戶信賴的商品。Jabra港澳台區域總經理侯智星說明:「因為企業愈來愈重視如何開創出可進一步提高競爭力的工作環境與文化,微軟看出這一點亦因此推出了商用Skype的產品和改革,使辦公環境逐漸轉變成一個更動態、嚴苛,而且採用更多新型技術的場合。而Jabra的全新工作方式在工作空間、實際運作及工作時數方面透過自身的產品注入了更大的靈活性。Jabra與微軟的合作完全是促成有效的協同作業與提升專注機制,為企業員工有效地提高工作效率。」

    多人視訊會議部署更彈性  協同作業及溝通更即時

    商務用Skype提供音訊、視訊和 Web 會議,能預先排程或隨時開始新的網路會議,並支援多方 HD高畫質的視訊會議,最多可同時即時顯示 6 個人,並與Office 365無縫整合,可即時共用撰寫、桌面共用、應用程式共用和 PowerPoint 簡報等;此次持續擴大與Polycom合作視訊解決方案,讓視訊協作變得更加容易與直覺,整合語音、視訊與內容共享的豐富協作體驗。

    業界領先的Polycom RealPresence® Group系列會議室視訊會議解決方案即將取得Skype for Business Server認證並能夠支援Office 365Polycom RealPresence Touch設備將導入大眾熟悉的Skype for Business風格使用者介面,讓Skype for Business用戶能輕鬆地將視訊會議整合至當前的工作流程。RealPresence Group系列解決方案適用於從非正式會議室到全景式遠端會議室的所有會議室類型,有助於微軟將Skype for Business延伸至會議廳、董事會會議室以及其他不同規模的會議室。

    Polycom台灣區技術經理簡兆宏表示:「做為微軟最新發佈的Project Rigel專案組成部分,我們亦將推出專為Skype for Business打造的全新會議室解決方案系列,該系列配置多元化,並且具有即插即用的便利性,可以滿足不同規模企業和會議室的需求,相信能與微軟的攜手共創更具整合性的服務,並為客戶帶來更多的價值!」

    透過以上微軟商務用SkypeAudioCodesJabra、及Polycom的軟硬體整合通訊方案,企業不管是自建、使用雲端服務或是混合部署,均能滿足現代新型態工作生活模式的需求,不用離開工作或螢幕環境即能從統一平台即時通訊,加上與Office 365無縫的高度整合,打造企業最佳的整合通訊解決方案。更多有關商務用Skype的功能介紹,以及與合作夥伴的各式整合通訊解決方案,請參閱官網資訊:

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    微軟 (那斯達克證交所上市代號︰MSFT) 是「行動優先、雲端至上」的世界中,具有領導地位的平台及生產力企業,其使命是幫助全球的每一個人和每一個組織,都能實現更多、成就更大。

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    Hello Folks, We’ve been talking about ARM templates for a while now: DevOps Basics: Infrastructure as Code – ARM Templates DevOps Basics: ARM Templates Part 2 DevOps Basics: Infrastructure as Code – The PowerShell Method Yet, i still get questions about the difference between the ARM model and the classic Cloud Service model. If you are still confused, watch the following video from Corey Sanders, Director of Program Management on the Microsoft Azure Compute...(read more)

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    こんにちは。Windows プラットフォームサポートの大川です。

    今回は以前より何度かお問合せ頂いているファイル サーバー リソース マネージャ (FSRM) の SMTP 設定についてお話しします。

    FSRMはWindows Server 2003から登場した機能であり、以下の機能を提供します。

     ボリュームまたはフォルダ ツリーに対して、記憶域容量の上限(ソフトまたはハード)を設定する。

    (2)ファイル スクリーンの機能
     ボリュームまたはフォルダ ツリーに特定の種類のファイルを保存しようとするユーザーの操作を監視またはブロックする。

     クォータの使用率、ファイル スクリーンの動作状況、および記憶域使用のパターンを追跡するための組み込みレポートを生成する。






    (a)、(b)ともにクォータ テンプレートのプロパティにて設定が可能です。









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    Welcome to another Tuesday TNWiki Article Spotlight!

    The integration of Microsoft Azure and Visual Studio took a big step forward with the release of Visual Studio 2013. This version of Visual Studio allows you to natively work with Azure right within the IDE. Functionality only increased with the release of Visual Studio 2015.

    One of the best examples of this integration is using Azure SQL Databases inside Visual Studio. Through the built-in Server Explorer, you can see your Azure SQL Databases and work with them within Visual Studio.

    To view a great illustration of this, Emiliano Musso has created an award-winning article entitled Create Azure Database and use it via C# for the TechNet Wiki. Emiliano explains how to provision a database within Microsoft Azure. He demonstrates how to edit it within Visual Studio by using the Azure setting “Open in Visual Studio” and how to administer it through SQL Server Management Studio. Finally, he shows the reader how to connect to the database through C# and displays basic CRUD operations.

    As well, for those interested, Emiliano has translated his own article into Italian: Creazione Database Azure ed utilizzo tramite C# (it-IT).

    If you ever wanted to know how to work with Azure SQL Databases inside Visual Studio, read his article.

    by Ken Cenerelli (TwitterBlogMSDN ProfileMVP Profile)

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